Description : The fig is a picturesque tropical-looking tree or shrub with a dramatic spreading habit. The breadth is often wider than the height of 15'-30'. The bark is smooth and silvery gray and the deciduous leaves are 3 or 5-lobed and 4"-10" long. There are many cultivars available for the home landscape. 'Celeste', 'Ischia', 'Magnolia' and 'Brown Turkey' are popular in the southeastern U.S. 'Brown Turkey' (also called 'Everbearing') is probably the most cold-hardy. In the drier Southwest, popular cultivars include 'Adriatic', 'Kadota', and 'Mission'.
Location : Originally from the eastern Mediterranean region, figs have been cultivated by humans for over 5000 years.
Culture : Light: Part sun to full sun. Moisture: Average, well-drained. Drought tolerant, once established. Hardiness: Hardy in USDA Zones 8-10, but with winter protection can be grown as far north as Zone 5. Propagation: Dormant hardwood cuttings and root suckers.
Usage : Fig trees usually begin bearing fruit within two years. Mulch heavily with organic materials to conserve moisture, improve soil structure and reduce root knot nematode levels. Once established, figs are drought tolerant and generally free of pests and diseases. When fully dormant, fig trees can tolerate temperatures as low as 10°-15° F. In colder regions, figs are grown as bushes with multiple stems and branches close to the ground that are laid down and buried before winter. Even if frozen to the ground, figs often will resprout from the roots and produce a crop the following summer. Fig trees respond well to pruning. They can be espaliered or pruned heavily in the dormant season for size control and to increase the main crop.
The fig tree makes an especially attractive specimen in the landscape. It's graceful, spreading shape and smooth, twisting branches command attention in all seasons.